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The PDO and PGI products represent the best of European agro-food production and each is the result of a unique combination of human and environmental factors, characteristic of a given area.

For this reason, the European Union establishes some precise rules for their protection, providing for the creation of specific normative regimes of quality, to protect the consumer's good faith and to give manufacturers some concrete tools to identify and promote the best products with specific characteristics, as well as to protect them from unfair practices.

The Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012 (Article 5) describes precisely the meaning of the acronyms PDO and PGI stating that:

  • the PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) identifies a product originating in a place, a region or a country, whose quality or characteristics are essentially or exclusively due to a particular geographical environment with its inherent natural and human factors and whose production steps take place in a limited geographical area;
  • the PGI (Protected Geographical Indication) specifies a product originating in a particular place, region or country, whose given quality is due essentially to the geographical origin, such as its reputation or other characteristics, and whose production takes place, for at least one of the steps, in a limited geographical area.

Only those products that demonstrate a consolidated and codified productive tradition, an unbreakable link with the origin area, an appropriate socio-entrepreneurial fabric and that are able to reach high quality standards, certified by third monitoring organizations, can aim for obtaining and keeping the coveted community recognition and the simultaneous enrollment in the European register of PDO and PGI products.

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