The PDO and PGI products
represent the best of European agro-food production and each is the
result of a unique combination of human and environmental factors,
characteristic of a given area.
For this reason, the European Union establishes some precise rules for their protection, providing for the creation of specific normative regimes of quality, to protect the consumer's good faith and to give manufacturers some concrete tools to identify and promote the best products with specific characteristics, as well as to protect them from unfair practices.
The Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012 (Article 5) describes precisely the meaning of the acronyms PDO and PGI stating that:
Only those products that demonstrate a consolidated and codified productive tradition, an unbreakable link with the origin area, an appropriate socio-entrepreneurial fabric and that are able to reach high quality standards, certified by third monitoring organizations, can aim for obtaining and keeping the coveted community recognition and the simultaneous enrollment in the European register of PDO and PGI products.